If you have ever watched a movie and seen a police officer or a spy use a tracking device to keep track of someone’s location, then you have a basic idea of how electronic tracking works. Today anyone can get the equipment needed to track someone or something electronically. These devices are available in many electronic stores and come is a variety of sizes. The size can vary from a bracelet, dog tag or even a microchip in an unassuming piece of jewelry. Originally their use was to allow farmers to keep track of their livestock, however over time the uses were expanded to include keeping track of people. It is quite a leap in technology that has allowed for the use of technology in keeping people under house arrest.
This technology works by using the Ground Positioning system along with radio frequency identification to keep track of whatever needs to be monitored. Electronic tagging uses these two systems much like a GPS in a car. The satellite system that surrounds the Earth triangulates the location of a tag at any given moment anywhere in the world. The person who owns the tag can see the location at any given moment. These work by using a single chip which are very small and easy to conceal. They will transmit the data of location to the satellite that will send the data to the electronic tag. Often times a phone line is used to transmit the data from the anklet, bracelet or necklace that contains the electronic chip to its owner.
There are different forms of tagging available today as well, these use radio frequency identification. These are called RFID tags and work a bit differently than the GPS tags mentioned above. These electronic tags have two different parts to them. Each is going to have an antenna for broadcasting and receiving information and a special integrated circuit for processing the information the tags transmits. These are really convenient because they can be almost any size at all and many animals are simply implanted with the device. This goes just under the animal’s skin and protects the tag from being damaged or lost.
It doesn’t matter what type of device you decide to use to electronically tag someone or something. The use of this technology allows for law enforcement to do their job in keeping criminals under control, by maintaining a house arrest. It also allows for pet owners to have peace of mind and to know that their pets can’t run away. The chip inserted under their skin will allow for an owner to track them and find them no matter where they go.